Nato allies: Why Finland and Sweden could tip the balance in war against Russia


Those threats build on previous pledges from Kremlin officials to exact “serious political and military consequences” if NATO expanded.

Ultimately, that leaves the military alliance with a “security dilemma”, a Cold War concept that weaker nations building power end up on the wrong side of stronger neighbours hoping to consolidate theirs.

Experts believe this would lead Russia to two potential responses, either building its military or delivering a preemptive strike on potential new NATO recruits.

Academics writing in the i newspaper explained that Kremlin leadership could “seek to increase its own power through an arms race, or reduce the threat via its military”.


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