When are car makers going electric? Read our brand-by-brand guide

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With governments across Europe already setting a date for when they will no longer allow the sales of new petrol and diesel cars in their countries, car makers are facing little option but to move with the times and begin the electrification of their vehicle line-ups.

Among the strictest deadlines for the end date of internal combustion engine car sales is Britain’s, set at 2030 – though some hybrids will be allowed to remain in showrooms for a further five years. 

Ministers are also considering the introduction of a Zero Emission Vehicle Mandate for car makers, meaning they will have to sell an increasing percentage of pure-electric models from 2024. 

In this guide we will take a look at where each car manufacturer stands with their current EVs on sale to date, what their electrification plans are and when they intend to stop selling motors with petrol and diesel engines under the bonnet. 

These are just some of the car makers that have promised to have fully-electric line-ups by the end of the decade. Read this brand-by-brand guide to each manufacturer's plans to transition away from the internal combustion engine

These are just some of the car makers that have promised to have fully-electric line-ups by the end of the decade. Read this brand-by-brand guide to each manufacturer’s plans to transition away from the internal combustion engine

ALFA ROMEO

Current electric vehicles on sale: Zero

Cheapest electric vehicle on sale: n/a

Statement of intent for electrification: Will only launch electric cars from 2025

Alfa Romeo's first electrified car is this, the Tonale SUV, which will be available as a conventional and plug-in hybrid. The brand's first pure EV is due in 2023

Alfa Romeo’s first electrified car is this, the Tonale SUV, which will be available as a conventional and plug-in hybrid. The brand’s first pure EV is due in 2023

Alfa Romeo might appear to be starting on the back foot, given that it currently has no electric vehicles on sale and its first electrified car – the Tonale plug-in hybrid SUV – arrives in 2022.

However, its first full EV is due a year later, called the Brennero. And surely more models will follow, thanks to the brand’s ownership under the Stellantis banner.

Stellantis is the parent company of Vauxhall/Opel, Peugeot, Citroen and a host of other brands, which opens the door for platform sharing across marques. Brennero, for example, is expected to be a compact SUV that will be underpinned by the same platform used for the Citroen C4, Peugeot 2008 and Vauxhall Mokka – all of which have full-EV versions. 

And by 2025, it has pledged to launch only electric cars in Europe.

ASTON MARTIN

Current electric vehicles on sale: Zero

Cheapest electric vehicle on sale: n/a

Statement of intent for electrification: ’50 per cent of sales should be electric by 2030,’ says Aston Martin boss

Aston Martin's first electrified car will be a plug-in hybrid version of the DBX SUV, though its first full-EV won't arrive until 2025, say bosses

Aston Martin’s first electrified car will be a plug-in hybrid version of the DBX SUV, though its first full-EV won’t arrive until 2025, say bosses

Like Alfa Romeo, Aston Martin’s first foray into electrification with be a hybrid SUV, with a petrol-electric powertrain used in its first offroader, the DBX, in 2022. 

This will be followed by the arrival of the new hybrid Valhalla hypercar in 2023 – which is also one of the vehicles of choice for 007 in the new Bond film. But the first fully-electric Aston Martin won’t arrive until 2025.

In March 2022, the luxury car firm confirmed it had struck a new partnership deal with Britishvolt, with the two British brands co-developing high-performance batteries for Aston Martin’s electric models. 

Its chief executive says that at least half of Aston Martin sales should be electric models by 2030: ‘I would say a minimum of 50 per cent of our sales will be electric, possibly more,’ Tobias Moers said during the Reuters Events Automotive Summit.

By 2030, Aston has said that 90 per cent of its model line-up will be ‘electrified’, though it will continue making cars with combustion engines for those markets that still allow them to be sold. 

AUDI 

Current electric vehicles on sale: e-tron, e-tron Sportback, e-tron S, e-tron GT, RS e-tron GT, Q4 e-tron, Q4 Sportback e-tron  

Cheapest electric vehicle on sale: Q4 e-tron priced from £42,540 (range of 208 to 317 miles depending on battery choice)

Statement of intent for electrification: Petrol and diesel engine development to end in 2026

Audi's Q4 e-tron is one of seven all-electric cars it has on the market currently, and also its cheapest. Though at just over £40,000, it's not all that affordable

Audi’s Q4 e-tron is one of seven all-electric cars it has on the market currently, and also its cheapest. Though at just over £40,000, it’s not all that affordable

Like its luxury German rivals, Audi has started strong with its zero-emission-vehicle offering with seven currently on sale and plenty more to follow.

Yet there isn’t one that costs less than £40,000 in the UK, with the Q4 e-tron being the most affordable. The family-friendly SUV has a range of 317 miles – meaning it is too expensive to be eligible for the Plug-in Car Grant in its current form. 

As for looking to the future, Audi promises to have 20 electric models on sale by 2025 – and bosses say they will ditch petrol and diesel engine development entirely by 2026. 

CEO Markus Duesmann said the brand will only release new models that are purely electric from that date, though it will continue to manufacturer existing internal combustion engine models until 2033.

BENTLEY 

Current electric vehicles on sale: Zero 

Cheapest electric vehicle on sale: n/a

Statement of intent for electrification: Bentley to be fully-electric by 2030

Bentley to be electric in 2030: The iconic British brand will ditch petrol engines for good from 2026 and sell only fully-electric models by the end of the decade

Bentley was one of the first brands to pin its colours to the battery mast, announcing in 2020 that it will be a fully-fledged electric car maker by 2030. Its first all-electric model is due in 2025, though it has been selling a hybrid variant of the Bentayga SUV for the last two years – and all models in the range by 2023 will have the choice of a petrol-electric powertrain.

It’s a huge shift for the brand, which will end its 107-year history of selling cars with petrol engines from 2026 as the line-up will be either hybrid of pure EV. 

The brand, formed in 1919, has also signalled its keen interest longer term in hydrogen-powered electric fuel cells. 

Adrian Hallmark, Bentley’s chairman and chief executive, said it was time for ‘profound change’ for the motor maker. ‘We are on a mission. We need to change everything. But our cars in the future will look as inspirational and glorious as they do today,’ he added. 

BMW

Current electric vehicles on sale: i3, i3s, i4, i4 M50, iX, iX3

Cheapest electric vehicle on sale: i3 priced from £33,805 (range of 182-190 mile)

Statement of intent for electrification: Sell two million fully-electric cars to consumers before the end of 2025

BMW's cheapest model is the i3, which starts at under £34,000 but is due to end production in July 2022. However, its most expensive is this iX SUV, priced from £70k

BMW’s cheapest model is the i3, which starts at under £34,000 but is due to end production in July 2022. However, its most expensive is this iX SUV, priced from £70k

Like Audi, BMW looks to be in a strong position with the development of its electric car range, which dates back to 2013 when it first introduced the i3. Nine years later and BMW has announced it will cease production from July 2022 – but until then it will remain its cheapest model, starting at just below £34,000.

Other battery models currently in showrooms are quite a bit pricier, though, with the iX SUV, for example, starting at a monumental £69,905.

As for looking ahead, BMW estimates that deliveries of EVs will grow more than 50 per cent on average by 2025, with the maker looking to sell two million fully-electric vehicles to customers by the end of the year. By 2030, it plans to have sold 10 million fully electric models, which will represent at least half of global deliveries.

With the intention of having at least 25 ‘electrified’ cars in its range – more than half being battery-only models – by 2023, BMW should be more than well placed for the 2030 ban on sales of new combustion-engined cars at the end of the decade.

CITROEN

Current electric vehicles on sale: Ami, e-C4, e-Berlingo, e-Spacetourer

Cheapest electric vehicle on sale: e-C4 priced from £28,495 with Plug-in Car Grant (range of 217 miles) – Ami ‘quadricycle’ priced from approx £6,000 (range of 46 miles)

Statement of intent for electrification: An electric option for every model in the range from 2025 and only new electric cars launched from 2026

The Ami is Citroen's cheapest EV, costing from around £6,000. It only has a range of 46 miles, two seats, limited luggage space and doesn't qualify for any EV grants

The Ami is Citroen’s cheapest EV, costing from around £6,000. It only has a range of 46 miles, two seats, limited luggage space and doesn’t qualify for any EV grants

The French brand says that by 2025 it will have an electric version of every model it sells in the UK, with these likely to be shared with sister maker Peugeot and others within the Stellantis group.

That’s already case for a few models currently, with the e-C4 being the standout passenger car with battery power, offering a range of up to 217 miles for a plug-in family hatchback for less than £30,000 (inclusive of the Government’s £1,500 Plug-in Car Grant). 

Also ticking the box for the 2025 ambition is the e-Berlingo and e-Spacetourer MPVs, which are electrified examples of the petrol and diesel namesake.

There’s also the dinky Ami ‘quadricycle’, which Citroen has confirmed will be sold in Britain from 2022 – though only available in left-hand drive. It has a range of 46 miles and is therefore intended for use in cities for short commutes. Prices should start around £6,000, though because it doesn’t qualify as a car isn’t available for any grants.

Because Citroen sits under the Stellantis Group banner, it will launch only fully electric models from 2026 onwards.

CUPRA

Current electric vehicles on sale: Born

Cheapest electric vehicle on sale: Born priced from £33,735 (211 to 355 miles)

Statement of intent for electrification: To become an electric-only brand from 2030

Cupra's Born is its first fully-electric model ahead of it becoming an EV-only brand from 2023. Look familiar? It should, as it's a rebranded VW ID.3 packing a bit of extra handling performance

Cupra’s Born is its first fully-electric model ahead of it becoming an EV-only brand from 2023. Look familiar? It should, as it’s a rebranded VW ID.3 packing a bit of extra handling performance

Cupra – the Spanish sporty spin-off brand from Seat – has one zero-emission vehicle on sale at the moment – the Born hatchback, which is essentially a re-badged Volkswagen ID.3.

In keeping with Cupra’s performance image, the Born – on paper – is sharper to drive than the VW sister model and bids to attract a younger audience with its trademark bronze features and sustainably-sourced cabin materials designed to appeal to Gen-Z customers. 

Production of the Born in Martorell, Spain – Europe’s largest electric vehicle factory – marks the start of a new era for the brand, which is headlined by its aspirations to be a fully-electric auto maker by 2030. 

‘Our ambition is to produce more than 500,000 urban electric vehicles per year in Spain for different Group brands,’ said CEO Wayne Griffiths.

DACIA 

Current electric vehicles on sale: None

Cheapest electric vehicle on sale: n/a

Statement of intent for electrification: Parent company Renault to go all-electric in 

Dacia already offers the Spring electric SUV in parts of Europe but is still considering whether to put right-hand-drive versions into production for the UK market

Dacia already offers the Spring electric SUV in parts of Europe but is still considering whether to put right-hand-drive versions into production for the UK market

Being a manufacturer that specialises in affordable models puts Dacia in a difficult position when it comes to switching to an EV line-up.

It already sells the all-electric Spring SUV in parts of Europe, though for now has no intention to make it available in Britain. It is being advertised as the cheapest EV available in Europe, though has a limited range of 140 miles on a single charge. 

As for wider plans to go electric, Dacia has kept its cards close to its chest… for now. 

It’s parent company, Renault, which also provides its engines, will become a fully-electric brand from 2030. Though Luca de Meo, boss of the Renault Group, said Dacia’s transition will come later and ‘at the last possible moment’. 

DS AUTOMOBILES 

Current electric vehicles on sale: DS3 Crossback E-Tense 

Cheapest electric vehicle on sale: DS3 Crossback E-Tense from £34,000 (range of 191 to 206 miles) 

Statement of intent for electrification: To become an electric-only car brand from 2024 

DS says it will be an all-electric car brand by 2024 - perfectly timed for the UK's ZEV mandate. It currently sells just one EV - the DS3 Crossback E-Tense (pictured)

DS says it will be an all-electric car brand by 2024 – perfectly timed for the UK’s ZEV mandate. It currently sells just one EV – the DS3 Crossback E-Tense (pictured)

The DS3 Crossback E-Tense is the French luxury marque’s first – and currently only – electric car. 

While it shares many of its mechanical parts with the Peugeot e-2008 and Vauxhall Mokka-e, the suspension is tuned to be more cosseting on bumpy roads, and the interior and exterior have flashes of fashion-inspired design. 

And more will soon follow, with DS bosses confirmed it will be a fully-electric brand across the globe from 2024 – some three years earlier than other manufacturers under the same Stellantis banner will make the transition.

The next model to come is an EV version of the DS4 and in 2024 we will see a brand new electric-only vehicle designed from the ground up. 

FERRARI

Current electric vehicles on sale: None 

Cheapest electric vehicle on sale: n/a 

Statement of intent for electrification: First full EV to hit the market in 2025

Ferrari currently has a couple of plug-in hybrid supercars - including the SF90 Stradale pictured - but in 2025 will launch its first full EV. However, it has yet to confirm when it intends to go fully electric as a marque

Ferrari currently has a couple of plug-in hybrid supercars – including the SF90 Stradale pictured – but in 2025 will launch its first full EV. However, it has yet to confirm when it intends to go fully electric as a marque

The first zero-emission all-electric Ferrari will hit the market in 2025, bosses at the car company confirmed earlier this year.

Chairman John Elkann said the brand will continue with its electrification strategy, which includes its first battery-only powered model arriving by the middle of the decade – though it hasn’t made any promises to cull the internal combustion engine just yet.

It does already have hybrid cars on sale with EV-only modes. 

These include the Ferrari SF90 and 296 GTB plug-in hybrids, which can cover a claimed 16 miles without emitting anything from the exhaust pipes.

FIAT

Current electric vehicles on sale: 500 Electric

Cheapest electric vehicle on sale: 500 Electric priced from £21,995 with Plug-in Car Grant (range of 118 to 190 miles)

Statement of intent for electrification: Will be an EV-only brand from 2030

Fiat's iconic 500 has already made the switch to EV power, which puts the brand in good stead for a ZEV mandate in around two years

Fiat’s iconic 500 has already made the switch to EV power, which puts the brand in good stead for a ZEV mandate in around two years

Italian car maker Fiat will say ‘arrivederci’ to petrol and diesel engines by 2030, bosses at the manufacturer confirmed in 2021.

The brand will begin to phase out all combustion-engined models from its global line-up from 2025 – and by the end of the decade will no longer sell passenger cars with a petrol or diesel powerplant under the bonnet. 

‘Between 2025 and 2030, our product line-up will gradually become electric only. This will be a radical change for Fiat,’ explained Fiat boss Olivier François in June while outlining the brand’s sustainability vision. 

Fiat’s biggest seller is without doubt the 500, which has already gone electric and easily qualifies for the Plug-in Car Grant. The city car has been on sale in the UK since the beginning of 2021.

FORD

Current electric vehicles on sale: Mustang Mach-E, Mustang Mach-E GT

Cheapest electric vehicle on sale: Mustang Mach-E priced from £41,330 (range of 379 miles)

Statement of intent for electrification: Every Ford sold in Europe from 2030 to be electric-only 

Ford already has the mightily impressive Mustang Mach-E electric family car in its fleet - and smaller, more affordable, EVs will follow as it has signed a strategic partnership to use VW's MEB platform that already underpins the ID.3 and ID.4

Ford already has the mightily impressive Mustang Mach-E electric family car in its fleet – and smaller, more affordable, EVs will follow as it has signed a strategic partnership to use VW’s MEB platform that already underpins the ID.3 and ID.4

Ford, one of the UK’s most popular car brand, announced in February 2021 that its entire passenger vehicle line-up in Europe will be electric or plug-in hybrid by mid-2026 – and in 2030 will be all-electric only.

Its first electric-only model on the market is an impressive one, the Mustang Mach-E. Ford took a bold step by using the famed pony car nameplate for its original EV, especially given that Mustang is synonymous with V8 American muscle power. But with 379 miles of range, sporty performance and looks, and a price tag that wipes the floor with a comparable Tesla, it is set to be a big hit. It also recently launched the performance Mach-E GT.

The manufacturer has also confirmed that it will utilise a strategic alliance formed with Volkswagen AG in 2019 in the early phase of its all-electric onslaught. 

Ford will use its German partner’s MEB electric vehicle platform to build more affordable models at its Cologne factory. 

GENESIS

Current electric vehicles on sale: None 

Cheapest electric vehicle on sale: n/a

Statement of intent for electrification: Three electric cars in its debut year in Europe and only new EVs from 2025

The first electric Genesis will be the GV70 (pictured), which will be followed by another two battery models within 12 months. The Korean brand says it will only launch EV models from 2025

The first electric Genesis will be the GV70 (pictured), which will be followed by another two battery models within 12 months. The Korean brand says it will only launch EV models from 2025

Genesis is the new kid on the block. The luxury arm of Hyundai was created just half a decade ago and has this year broken into Europe.

Three electric cars will arrive within 12 months of the Korean brand setting up shop – the first being a battery-only version of the GV70 SUV revealed at the 2021 Auto Guangzhou in China. It will have a maximum output of 482bhp and an ‘official’ range of more than 310 miles – though estimates that the real-world figure will be closer to 248 miles, based on Korean EV certification standards.

A further two battery electric cars – one built on a dedicated electric platform – will also be launched within the first year in Europe as part of the product roll-out and from 2025 it will only be releasing models powered entirely by batteries.  

HONDA 

Current electric vehicles on sale: Honda e 

Cheapest electric vehicle on sale: Honda e priced from £30,165 with Plug-in Car Grant (range of 137 miles)

Statement of intent for electrification: Ten EVs being introduced by 2026 – though it hasn’t confirmed how many will be sold in Europe

The Honda e is the debut electric model in Europe, but we're expecting to see plenty more from 2022 onwards as part of the brand's commitment to go green

The Honda e is the debut electric model in Europe, but we’re expecting to see plenty more from 2022 onwards as part of the brand’s commitment to go green

Honda has shared details of its electrification strategy but has focused much of the detail on its plans for the Chinese market only. This includes two production vehicles and three concepts under a new ‘e:N Series’ branding. 

The Japanese firm even says it will introduce 10 EVs by 2026, though we’re unsure which are coming to Europe – something likely to be confirmed next year.

What we do know is that Honda’s wider ambition is for 100 per cent of its European sales to be ‘electrified’ by 2022 – so either hybrids of pure electrics.  That should see its range becoming better prepared to sell an increasing percentage of zero-emission cars.

For now, the one battery-only model in the range is the supremely cute Honda e. With a range of 137 miles, it isn’t the longest-trekking EV on the market, but it is designed for urban use and not trotting up and down the country. 

HYUNDAI 

Current electric vehicles on sale: Ioniq Electric, Ioniq 5, Kona Electric, Nexo (hydrogen FCEV)

Cheapest electric vehicle on sale: Kona Electric priced from £28,950 with Plug-in Car Grant (range of 155 to 300 miles)

Statement of intent for electrification: Become the world’s third-largest EV maker by 2025

Hyundai already has a number of quality pure electric models in its range. By 2025, it wants to be the world's third-largest EV producer

Hyundai already has a number of quality pure electric models in its range. By 2025, it wants to be the world’s third-largest EV producer

Hyundai’s zero emission vehicle plan is a two-pronged assault – it has fully-electric models on the market and more to follow imminently, but is also one of the brand’s already selling a hydrogen fuel cell electric car too.  

The Nexo converts hydrogen to electricity in a fuel cell, rather than storing it in a battery – and this is technology Hyundai has committed to keep exploring, with British newcomer Ineos Automotive signing a partnership with the Korean maker. However, Nexo prices are pretty high – almost £70,000, in fact – which puts them beyond the realms of most consumers.

Its Kona, Ioniq Electric hatch and Ioniq 5 crossover are a different story. The Kona, for example, can cover up to 300 miles on a single charge, granted you buy one with a 64kWh battery. An Ioniq 6 saloon is due in 2022 and an Ioniq 7 SUV in 2024. 

The brand says these additional releases should make it the world’s third-largest electric car maker by 2025. Yet, Hyundai has said it won’t abandon petrol and diesel engines in Europe until 2035.

INEOS AUTOMOTIVE

Current electric vehicles on sale: None

Cheapest electric vehicle on sale: n/a

Statement of intent for electrification: Testing of its Grenadier 4X4 with a hydrogen fuel cell powertrain to begin in 2022

Inoes Automotive will commence testing of a hydrogen fuel cell Grenadier 4X4 from 2022, it has confirmed

Inoes Automotive will commence testing of a hydrogen fuel cell Grenadier 4X4 from 2022, it has confirmed

Ineos Automotive, spearheaded by billionaire boss Sir Jim Ratcliffe, will commence production of its new Grenadier utilitarian offroader next year.

While it will launch with BMW-supplied petrol and diesel engines, the brand has also agreed to partner with Hyundai for the co-development of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles.

Recently it confirmed it had also joined forces with powertrain engineering specialist, AVL, to build the Grenadier FCEV Concept and will begin on- and off-road testing by the end of 2022. 

Sir Jim says: ‘We believe that hydrogen is the fuel of the future and Ineos is determined to take a leading role in its development. When used in a fuel cell, hydrogen only produces water and is the UK’s best chance of reaching its carbon reduction targets.’

JAGUAR  

Current electric vehicles on sale: I-Pace

Cheapest electric vehicle on sale: I-Pace priced from £65,245 (range of 292 miles)

Statement of intent for electrification: Confirmed it will be a ‘pure-electric luxury brand’ from 2025 and kill off its entire petrol and diesel range

Jaguar will become an 'all-electric luxury brand' in 2025 - meaning it has its work cut out considering it currently sells only one EV

Jaguar will become an ‘all-electric luxury brand’ in 2025 – meaning it has its work cut out considering it currently sells only one EV

Jaguar was the first premium car maker to put it to Tesla in 2018 with the launch of the I-Pace SUV – a car that continues to impress today. W

ith a range up to 292 miles on a full charge, it’s more than adequate as a family motor. But it’s not cheap, with prices starting around the £65,000 mark.

In February 2021, bosses outlined Jaguar’s intention to be an ‘all-electric luxury brand’ from 2025. The move will see Jaguar completely axe the petrol engines that made its name within the next three years.  

JLR CEO Thierry Bollore said the brand’s new ‘Reimagine’ strategy also committing to retaining its production facilities in the UK.

JEEP

Current electric vehicles on sale: None

Cheapest electric vehicle on sale: n/a

Statement of intent for electrification: Confirmed it will be a ‘pure-electric luxury brand’ from 2025 and kill off its entire petrol and diesel range

Jeep has taken the wraps off its first EV that will go on sale in 2023. The yet named model will be similar in size to the Renegade compact SUV

Jeep in 2022 showcased the design of its first fully-electric model, which is due to be launched in Europe in the first half of 2023. 

The new, as yet unnamed Jeep, is similar in size to its current Renegade compact SUV and sets out the plan to have a full EV range before the end of the decade.

‘This new model will launch during the first half of next year and is the first of a comprehensive fully-electric Jeep line-up that will cover every SUV segment by 2025,’ explained CEO Carlos Tavares.

Stellantis will offer over 75 electric models globally by the end of the decade, it says.  

Jeep already has plug-in hybrid versions of its current range, including a Renegade, Compass and – shortly – a Grand Cherokee too. 

KIA 

Current electric vehicles on sale: e-Niro, EV6, Soul EV

Cheapest electric vehicle on sale: e-Niro priced from £32,895 (range of 180 to 282 miles) 

Statement of intent for electrification: Will sell only fully-electric of hydrogen fuel cell cars in Europe by 2035

The Kia EV6 is one of the most impressive electric cars on the market today. Kia says it will transition to a zero-emission range of vehicles by 2035

The Kia EV6 is one of the most impressive electric cars on the market today. Kia says it will transition to a zero-emission range of vehicles by 2035

While the Kia Soul EV might feel a little long in the tooth by electric car standards, the Korean brand’s e-Niro is an exceptionally good argument for switching away from petrol and diesel power now.

It’s latest car, the EV6, is a stunning example of what is to come, with rakish good looks and performance stats that will rival any battery-powered model – it also won Car of the Year 2022, it’s that impressive.

By 2027, Kia says it will launched seven new electric cars and by 2035 will have an entirely zero-emission model line-up in Europe (the same across major global markets by 2040). 

LAMBORGHINI

Current electric vehicles on sale: None

Cheapest electric vehicle on sale: n/a 

Statement of intent for electrification: Every model sold will feature hybridisation by end of 2024 – but no ZEVs planned 

Lamborghini will offer hybrid versions of all its cars - including the returning Countach (pictured) - by the end of 2024, but has no fully-electric models planned yet

Lamborghini will offer hybrid versions of all its cars – including the returning Countach (pictured) – by the end of 2024, but has no fully-electric models planned yet

Supercar maker Lamborghini says its transition to greener vehicles will start with it electrifying its entire range of models by the end of 2024.

CEO Stephan Winkelmann announced earlier this year that the iconic marque will invest €1.5billion (£1.3million) over the course of the next four years that will see all cars in its line-up switch to petrol-electric hybrid powertrains.

However, unlike main rival Ferrari, Lamborghini has yet to rubber stamp when it will sell its first fully-electric vehicle – and has pledged to continue development of its V12 engine until 2022, including the launch of two new models this year, one of them being the reborn Countach.

As far as a ZEV mandate goes, any financial penalties on smaller brands could sting EV-free Lamborghini’s profits.

LAND ROVER

Current electric vehicles on sale: None

Cheapest electric vehicle on sale: n/a 

Statement of intent for electrification: Will launch six new pure electric models in the next five years and every car in its range will have an electric option by 2030 – starting with the Range Rover in 2024

The first electric Land Rover will be the all-new Range Rover, with a battery-only version promised for 2024

The first electric Land Rover will be the all-new Range Rover, with a battery-only version promised for 2024

While Land Rover’s sister brand, Jaguar, entered the EV market three years ago with the I-Pace, Land Rover hasn’t started its transition yet – and won’t do for a couple of years.

The first full-EV model will be the all-new Range Rover, which has been promised for 2024.

It will be followed by four other pure-electric variants over the next five years and every car in its range will have an electric option by 2030. 

Land Rover has a job on its hands moving away from the diesel power that’s underpinned its success for years, but the promises being made suggest it should be able to sell a decent fraction of EVs well ahead of the 2030 ban on new fossil-fuelled vehicles. 

LEXUS

Current electric vehicles on sale: UX300e

Cheapest electric vehicle on sale: UX300e priced from £41,745 (range of 196 miles) 

Statement of intent for electrification: More than half of Lexus’ global sales by 2025 will be electric as it aims for 100 per cent battery electric mix in Europe, North America and China by 2030

Lexus already has the UX300e on the market, but its maximum range of 196 miles is some way short of rivals and likely not enough for drivers who will need to spend over £40,000 to buy one. It will accelerate its EV game ahead of the ZEV mandate being enforced in the UK

Lexus already has the UX300e on the market, but its maximum range of 196 miles is some way short of rivals and likely not enough for drivers who will need to spend over £40,000 to buy one. It will accelerate its EV game ahead of the ZEV mandate being enforced in the UK

Lexus – the premium arm of Toyota – has plenty of experience with hybrids, but not so much with pure electric cars.

The brand’s debut EV model – the UX300e – is on sale now, but only offers a range of up to 196 miles, which is a little short of rival crossovers already on the market.

It has promised a second electric crossover in 2022 that can go further on a single charge thanks to a much larger-capacity battery. 

Bosses at the end of 2021 outlined Lexus and Toyota’s plans to launch a total of 30 battery EVs by 2030. Lexus, though, will have a tighter deadline for the end of sale of petrol cars than its sister brand, aiming to sell only 100 per cent battery electric cars in major markets by 2030 – this includes Europe, North America and China.

LOTUS 

Current electric vehicles on sale: None

Cheapest electric vehicle on sale: n/a 

Statement of intent for electrification: A 200mph £2million electric hypercar will spark its electric revolution

The Evija electric hypercar arriving in 2022 signals the start of Lotus' electric charge. While that model will be produced in limited numbers and cost around £2million, it is planning EVs more people other than billionaires can afford

The Evija electric hypercar arriving in 2022 signals the start of Lotus’ electric charge. While that model will be produced in limited numbers and cost around £2million, it is planning EVs more people other than billionaires can afford

Lotus’ Evija electric hypercar is due to arrive in 2022, promising 1,973bhp, 0-to-62mph in less than three seconds and a top speed in excess of 200mph. Only 130 will be made and each will cost £2million.

Lotus also plans to launch an SUV model, which is currently called the Type 132 – though likely subject to change. The SUV will be based on architecture from Lotus’s parent-company, Geely, which also happens to own Volvo. 

It signals the start of an electric charge, with a family saloon and more affordable sports cars hinted by 2026. 

MAZDA

Current electric vehicles on sale: MX-30

Cheapest electric vehicle on sale: MX-30 priced from £27,145 with Plug-in Car Grant (range of 124 miles)

Statement of intent for electrification: A dedicated EV platform by 2025 and 25 per cent of all sales to be EVs by 2030 

The MX-30's 124-mile range won't be for everyone. However, from 2025 there will be a new dedicated EV platform for Mazda, which could see performance improved dramatically. Some of the Japanese maker's proposals for its shift to zero-emission cars sound like it could lag behind rivals

The MX-30’s 124-mile range won’t be for everyone. However, from 2025 there will be a new dedicated EV platform for Mazda, which could see performance improved dramatically. Some of the Japanese maker’s proposals for its shift to zero-emission cars sound like it could lag behind rivals

The MX-30 is Mazda’s debut electric car. It’s definitely unique, with a funky design and attention-grabbing coachdoors. But the range of 124 miles is measly compared to rivals. That said, Mazda says it is a car aimed at those living in urban areas.

More impressive EVs are due, with three all-electric cars coming between 2022 and 2025. Mazda is then promising a dedicated EV platform by 2025. Then it will add multiple models to its electric portfolio in the second half of the decade.

In major markets, it’s aiming for 25 per cent of all sales being pure electric by 2030.  

MERCEDES-BENZ

Current electric vehicles on sale: EQA, EQB, EQC, EQS, EQV (EQE confirmed for 2022)

Cheapest electric vehicle on sale: EQA priced from £44,495 (range of 263 miles)

Statement of intent for electrification: All new cars from 2025 to be electric – fully electric line-up by 2030 

Mercedes already has six pure EV models on sale and will have a zero emission car in every segment it occupies by the end of next year. It would likely be able to meet the demands of a ZEV if introduced now, let alone in 2024. However, prices are high, starting at almost £45,000 for the EQA SUV (pictured)

Mercedes already has six pure EV models on sale and will have a zero emission car in every segment it occupies by the end of next year. It would likely be able to meet the demands of a ZEV if introduced now, let alone in 2024. However, prices are high, starting at almost £45,000 for the EQA SUV (pictured)

Mercedes-Benz has already said it will sell only pure electric vehicles from 2030. It’s rapidly moving in that direction too, with a battery-electric car on sale in every segment it occupies in 2022 and from 2025 onward it will only launch new battery-electric architecture.

This offensive is well underway with six pure EVs already on sale and all of them under the brand’s ‘EQ’ moniker. It will even have an electric G-Wagen by 2025, it says.

Prices are steep, though. The most affordable EV it currently sells – also its smallest – is the EQA SUV, which is priced from £45,000.  

MG MOTOR UK

Current electric vehicles on sale: 5 EV, ZS

Cheapest electric vehicle on sale: 5 EV priced from £27,495 with Plug-in Car Grant (range of 214 to 250 miles)

Statement of intent for electrification: Already selling capable electric cars that are proving popular – no electric-only future commitment, yet

MG already has two electric models in its range - and both of them are very well priced indeed. The Chinese-owned brand says around a third of its sales are currently cars with batteries, either hybrid or fully-electric

MG already has two electric models in its range – and both of them are very well priced indeed. The Chinese-owned brand says around a third of its sales are currently cars with batteries, either hybrid or fully-electric

MG is a relative newcomer [or returnee, depending on how you consider its new Chinese ownership] to the market, and its success under SAIC’s (Shanghai Automotive Industry Corporation) watchful eye has been down to a combination of affordable pricing and the offering of attainable electric cars.

The 5 EV and ZS crossover both drastically undercut the competition on price – only electric city cars and superminis are cheaper than these family motors. The refreshed ZS now offers up to 273 miles of range, which shouldn’t be sniffed at. 

The brand’s EV assault is going great guns, with a third of sales electrified models – a solid percentage ahead of a ZEV in 2024. 

It has yet to make a public declaration about going all-electric this decade, though. That said, it has confirmed the release of an electric coupe, which could have in excess of 300 miles of range and cost less than £30,000.  

MINI

Current electric vehicles on sale: Mini Electric

Cheapest electric vehicle on sale: Mini Electric priced from £27,000 with Plug-in Car Grant (range of 140 miles)

Statement of intent for electrification: Electric cars to make up 50 per cent of sales by 2027; EV-only brand by 2030 

Mini already has the Mini Electric, which is produced at Plant Oxford in the UK. Its parent company, BMW Group, says half of all Mini sales will be zero-emission cars by 2027

Mini already has the Mini Electric, which is produced at Plant Oxford in the UK. Its parent company, BMW Group, says half of all Mini sales will be zero-emission cars by 2027

Mini’s parent company, BMW Group, confirmed that Mini will transform into a fully-electric brand by 2030, with set deadlines already set in stone for how it will transition. 

It will launch its final new model with an internal combustion engine under the bonnet in 2025, hoping this will see half of all sales being electric cars by 2027. This should see it conform to requirements of a ZEV mandate in 2024.

Currently, it only has the Mini Electric hatchback in its fleet, which is built at Plant Oxford and offers a – not-all-that-inspiring – full-charge range of 140 miles. However, a new model – produced in Britain – has already been teased and will likely offer an improved range.

It has said an all-electric Countryman is going to come in the next two years along with a new crossover using the Clubman nameplate, which will be inspired by its Urbanaut concept vehicle.  

NISSAN

Current electric vehicles on sale: Leaf, e-NV200 Combi

Cheapest electric vehicle on sale: Leaf priced from £26,995 with Plug-in Car Grant (range of 168 to 239 miles)

Statement of intent for electrification: To be a fully-fledged electric car maker from the early 2030s

The Ariya SUV will join the Leaf and e-NV200 Combi MPV in Nissan's electric line-up in 2022. The Japanese firm says it won't be a fully-electric car maker until the early 2030s

The Ariya SUV will join the Leaf and e-NV200 Combi MPV in Nissan’s electric line-up in 2022. The Japanese firm says it won’t be a fully-electric car maker until the early 2030s

Nissan is one of the car makers that has put the UK at the centre of its electric vehicle plans, announcing as battery-making gigaplant to be built in Sunderland, where the Japanese giant’s car factory already produces one of the EV models it sells, the Leaf. 

However, other than the Leaf, Nissan’s electric vehicle range isn’t that extensive, comprising of only the van-derived e-NV200 people carrier alongside the electric family hatchback. 

That said, the new Ariya crossover – manufactured in Japan – is due to hit the market in a matter of months.

As for its future plans, Nissan has said in an official statement that it is aiming for a 100 per cent electrified model line-up ‘by the early 2030s’, which will see it lag behind rivals. 

PEUGEOT

Current electric vehicles on sale: e-208, e-2008, e-Rifter

Cheapest electric vehicle on sale: e-208 priced from £28,225 with Plug-in Car Grant (range of 217 miles)

Statement of intent for electrification: A 100 per cent ‘electrified range’ by 2025 and only fully-electric cars on sale in Europe by 2030

Peugeot's e-208 and e-2008 crossover (pictured) are both exceptionally handsome models with plenty of range for their respective segments. The French will sell only electric cars in Europe by 2030 - but still offer ICE models to other continents

Peugeot’s e-208 and e-2008 crossover (pictured) are both exceptionally handsome models with plenty of range for their respective segments. The French will sell only electric cars in Europe by 2030 – but still offer ICE models to other continents

It’s been a solid start to adapting to electrified cars for the French brand, with the e-208 and e-2008 – mechanically similar to the Vauxhall Corsa-e and Mokka-e – being classy, handsome machines with plenty of range for their respective segments. 

As with sister mainstream brands under the Stellantis banner, electrification is at the heart of the Peugeot’s strategy.

It says that 70 per cent of the range in its showrooms by the end of the year will be electrified, either offering a full-electric or plug-in hybrid option. 

Peugeot CEO Linda Jackson in December 2021 confirmed the French maker will sell only electric vehicles in Europe by 2030. However, buyers outside of Europe will still be able to buy new petrol and diesel-powered Peugeots during the next decade, it said.

POLESTAR 

Current electric vehicles on sale: Polestar 2

Cheapest electric vehicle on sale: Polestar 2 priced from £39,900 (range of 275 to 336 miles)

Statement of intent for electrification: An all-electric car brand with Volvo quality

Polestar is an electric-only spin-off for Volvo, so a ZEV mandate is not going to be a problem for this marque at all

Polestar is an electric-only spin-off for Volvo, so a ZEV mandate is not going to be a problem for this marque at all

The spin-off electric-only arm of Volvo is a recent new addition to the market. It originally launched the Polestar 1, an exclusive – and ludicrously expensive – hybrid performance car, but models to follow will be more affordable, and more electric.

The Polestar 2 saloon on sale in a quality vehicle – one to definitely consider as an alternative to a Tesla Model 3 – and a Polestar 3 SUV will be arriving next year.

Being an electric-only brand, the 2030 deadline on the ban on sales of petrol and diesel cars isn’t something it needs to concern itself with.

PORSCHE  

Current electric vehicles on sale: Taycan, Taycan Cross Turismo

Cheapest electric vehicle on sale: Taycan priced from £72,850 (range of 254 to 301 miles)

Statement of intent for electrification: Its all-electric Taycan is already outselling the iconic 911. Porsche says 80 per cent of sales by 2030 will be partially or fully electric

Incredibly, Porsche sold more electric Taycans (pictured) than its iconic 911 sportscar in 2021, such is the demand for EVs today

Incredibly, Porsche sold more electric Taycans (pictured) than its iconic 911 sportscar in 2021, such is the demand for EVs today

While many sportscar brands are delaying or refusing to put an exact deadline for when they will ditch big-capacity petrol engines, Porsche has already started to make the transition. 

The Taycan and Taycan Cross Turismo sports car are genuine performance models that will make you think twice about hankering after a Porsche with an internal combustion engine. In fact, the German firm sold more Taycans than its iconic 911 in 2021.

Porsche says its expects at least 80 per cent of its vehicles sold globally to be partially or fully electric by 2030 – though it is the 911 that will be last on the list to shift to greener powertrains, with CEO Oliver Blume saying the legendary sportscar will be the ‘last Porsche which is going for full electrification,’ – and that’s if the nameplate is survived beyond the ban on new petrol cars. 

Pure-electric versions of the 718 Cayman and 718 Boxster models are set to come soon, too. 

RENAULT

Current electric vehicles on sale: Zoe

Cheapest electric vehicle on sale: Zoe priced from £29,995 (range of 238 to 245 miles)

Statement of intent for electrification: Eight pure electric cars on sale by 2025

Renault says it will have eight electric cars on sale by 2025 - one of them being a funky EV-only reborn Renault 5 compact model (concept R5 pictured)

Renault says it will have eight electric cars on sale by 2025 – one of them being a funky EV-only reborn Renault 5 compact model (concept R5 pictured)

Renault’s portfolio of electric cars is pretty limited at the moment, but efforts to bolster it will continue in 2022.

The Megane E-Tech Electric family hatchback will join the long-standing Zoe, and Renault promises that it will have eight full-EVs on sale by 2025. Two of those are legendary name plates – the Renault 5 and 4 – which have been confirmed to be relaunched as electric-only models before the middle of the decade.

Like sister brand Nissan, there’s no definitive date for the last petrol and diesel engine to be sold.

But, considering it only sells nine models today, eight electric-only vehicles by 2025 should put it in good standing for the 2030 ban on new petrol and diesel car sales.

ROLLS-ROYCE

Current electric vehicles on sale: None

Cheapest electric vehicle on sale: n/a 

Statement of intent for electrification: Electric Spectre to launch in 2023 and brand to be fully electric in 2030

This is the Spectre and it will be Rolls-Royce's first foray into electrification. The 100% electric two-door limo will go on sale in 2023

This is the Spectre and it will be Rolls-Royce’s first foray into electrification. The 100% electric two-door limo will go on sale in 2023

Even ultra-luxurious car makers are having to prepare for a switch away from combustion engines, with Rolls-Royce no different. 

It has confirmed that its first zero-emission model will be the Spectre two-door limo, which will be on sale by the end of 2023. Bosses in 2021 stressed the new clean, greener, superfast and near-silent luxury coupe is ‘not a prototype’ and is ‘the real thing’, but revealed only a few heavily-disguised images of it (pictured above).

The entire Rolls-Royce range will be battery powered by 2030, said the firm – owned by BMW – with its boutique factory headquarters at Goodwood in Sussex.   

Chief executive Torsten Müller-Ötvös, said last week: ‘Over the past decade, I have been repeatedly asked, when will Rolls-Royce go electric? And when will you produce your first electric car? I answered with an unambiguous promise: ‘Rolls-Royce will go electric, starting this decade. Today, I’m keeping my word.’

SEAT 

Current electric vehicles on sale: None

Cheapest electric vehicle on sale: n/a

Statement of intent for electrification: Little information about new EV models or a transition away from petrol and diesel…for now

Seat had previously sold the Mii Electric city car but production has since ceased and there are no longer any in showrooms

Seat had previously sold the Mii Electric city car but production has since ceased and there are no longer any in showrooms

If you want a small city run-around with a decent range, the Seat Mii Electric would be a good option. It can go for 160 miles between full charges and offers a versatile package with plenty of room, five doors and a suitably big boot for such a dinky vehicle – though Seat has ceased production and you can’t buy a new one in showrooms anymore.

And Seat hasn’t yet revealed plans to follow the Mii with any new battery-powered models. 

A rebadged Volkswagen ID.3 is likely, though Seat’s performance arm – Cupra – has been promised that first with the new Born (covered above in this article).

Given VW Group’s big plans for electrification, Seat is unlikely to be left out in the internal-combustion-engine cold, so expect the Spanish marque to have a larger portfolio of EVs by the middle of the decade. 

SKODA

Current electric vehicles on sale: Enyaq iV, Enyaq iV Coupe

Cheapest electric vehicle on sale: Enyaq iV priced from £34,510 (range of 256 miles)

Statement of intent for electrification: Will have 10 ‘electrified’ models in various segments by 2025 – six of which will be all-electric

Skoda says that by 2025 it will have six pure-electric models in its range. Currently, it has just one - the Enyaq iV (pictured)

Skoda says that by 2025 it will have six pure-electric models in its range. Currently, it has just one – the Enyaq iV (pictured)

Skoda had previously sold a Citigo-e iV (sister to the Seat Mii Electric), though that was on sale in the UK for an exceptionally short time. Since, the Czech brand has brought us the Enyaq iV, which is a rebadged VW ID.4 SUV.

Cheaper than its VW equivalent, the Enyaq is one of the more affordable family models on the market to date – and one with a decent amount of range (256 miles on a full charge).

By 2025, Skoda says its portfolio will include 10 electrified models in various segments, six of which will be all-electric, the others will be plug-in hybrids and hybrids. 

One of those will almost certainly be a sportier Enyaq iV Coupe based on the Vision iV concept, which will have a claimed range of 335 miles.

SMART

Current electric vehicles on sale: EQ Fortwo, EQ Fortwo Cabrio, EQ Forfour

Cheapest electric vehicle on sale: EQ Fortwo priced from £2,725 with Plug-in Car Grant (range of 70 miles)

Statement of intent for electrification: Already an electric-only brand 

At the 2021 Munich Mobility Show, Smart unveiled this concept crossover. It will likely share a platform with the Mercedes EQA and be on sale in 2023. Smart has been an electric-only marque since 2019

At the 2021 Munich Mobility Show, Smart unveiled this concept crossover. It will likely share a platform with the Mercedes EQA and be on sale in 2023. Smart has been an electric-only marque since 2019

Smart has a jumpstart on most rivals with its electrification efforts, having ditched combustion engines entirely in 2019.

Currently, the only Smarts on sale today are EQ versions of the Fortwo and Forfour, which have relatively paltry ranges compared to other electric city cars on the market.

Though Smart confirmed in 2021 that it is planning a much bigger crossover, which will likely share a platform with the Mercedes-Benz EQA and be available from 2023.

SSANGYONG

Current electric vehicles on sale: Korando e-Motion

Cheapest electric vehicle on sale: Korando e-Motion (price TBC but will qualify for Plug-in Car Grant)

Statement of intent for electrification: First model on new dedicated EV architecture coming in 2024

This is SsangYong's first attempt at an EV, the Korando e-Motion, which is due on sale in 2022. By 2024, the maker says it will have a dedicate EV platform that will be used to underpin an expanding range of zero-emission vehicles

This is SsangYong’s first attempt at an EV, the Korando e-Motion, which is due on sale in 2022. By 2024, the maker says it will have a dedicate EV platform that will be used to underpin an expanding range of zero-emission vehicles

SsangYong’s first pure-electric vehicle, the Korando e-Motion, is due on sale before the end of 2021 and will be a rival to the MG ZS with a range of around 200 miles. 

The company has also announced that it is accelerating the development of its next EV, a medium-sized SUV under the project name J100, with the plan to launch in 2022.  

Bosses also confirmed that the brand is developing an all-new EV platform and aims to launch its first vehicles on that architecture by 2024 – ideally in time for a UK ZEV mandate to offset its high volume of diesel sales.

SUBARU

Current electric vehicles on sale: Solterra

Cheapest electric vehicle on sale: Solterra (price TBC)

Statement of intent for electrification: Partnered with Toyota to develop electric models and wants 40 per cent of global sales by 2030 to be ‘electrified’ (including hybrid) vehicles     

Subaru unveiled its first full EV, called the Solterra, in November 2021. It is the sister car to the Toyota bz4x (find out more about that model below)

Subaru unveiled its first full EV, called the Solterra, in November 2021. It is the sister car to the Toyota bz4x (find out more about that model below)

Subaru has unveiled its first full EV called the Solterra, which will go on sale in Europe from 2022 – though UK prices have yet to be confirmed.  

It is powered by a 71.4kWh battery pack and the choice of two powertrains: a single-motor setup producing 201bhp and a maximum range of around 330 miles or a dual-motor version with 215bhp, four-wheel-drive and a lesser range of 285 miles.

The Solterra will be the sister car to Toyota’s just-launched bZ4X (more info covered in the Toyota segment below) and shares dimensions with the long-running Forester model. It’s the first model launched following Subaru’s new partnership with Toyota to ramp up the development of zero-emission-vehicle powertrains.

Solterra is the brand’s first step towards its long-term emissions goals, with the aim for all-electric and electrified vehicles to account for at least 40 per cent of global sales by 2030. 

SUZUKI

Current electric vehicles on sale: None

Cheapest electric vehicle on sale: n/a

Statement of intent for electrification: Like Subaru, has also partnered with Toyota for an EV alliance

Every model Suzuki sells currently is hybrid, but its plans for a fully-electric range are yet to be disclosed. It recently signed a partnership with Toyota to develop future zero-emission cars

Every model Suzuki sells currently is hybrid, but its plans for a fully-electric range are yet to be disclosed. It recently signed a partnership with Toyota to develop future zero-emission cars

Suzuki is another brand to have entered a joint venture with Toyota to produce EVs. 

The Japanese marque will join the coalition led by Toyota to help the alliance expand its existing focus from trucks to smaller cars.  

Bosses have confirmed Suzuki will launch its first pure-electric vehicle by 2025, though has yet to provide any further details about the car, such as the segment or projected full-charge range.

Currently, all cars it sells are hybrid.

TESLA

Current electric vehicles on sale: Model 3, Model S, Model Y, Model X

Cheapest electric vehicle on sale: Model 3 priced from £42,990 (range of 278 to 360 miles)

Statement of intent for electrification: The world’s most valuable electric car maker looks set to dominate ahead of 2024

The Model Y is the latest Tesla to go on sale in the UK. Its line-up of electric cars will continue to blossom ahead of 2030 ban on sales of new petrol and diesel motors

The Model Y is the latest Tesla to go on sale in the UK. Its line-up of electric cars will continue to blossom ahead of 2030 ban on sales of new petrol and diesel motors

One brand that won’t even sniffle at the concept of a 2030 combustion engine ban is US EV maker Tesla, which has gone from strength to strength in the UK in recent years.

Deliveries of the Model Y are due to began in early 2022 and the Model 3 was the second best-selling new car in the UK last year.

With the introduction of tri-motor cars across the line-up with huge ranges – including the new Model S Plaid due to arrive in 2022 – Tesla’s domination of the EV market looks set to continue. 

It will also launch the next-generation Roadster, though delayed until 2023 due to a shortage of components, which promises a 620-mile range and sprint to 60mph in less than two seconds.  

TOYOTA 

Current electric vehicles on sale: bZ4X, Mirai FCEV

Cheapest electric vehicle on sale: Toyota bZ4X from £41,950 (range of 280 miles)

Statement of intent for electrification: First battery EV – bZ4x SUV – arrives in 2022 as it plans (with sister brand Lexus) to sell 3.5 million battery-electric cars by 2030

This is Toyota's new bz4x SUV - its first electric model with batteries and not a hydrogen fuel cell. The Japanese brand promises to have nine other cars like this in its range by 2025

This is Toyota’s new bz4x SUV – its first electric model with batteries and not a hydrogen fuel cell. The Japanese brand promises to have nine other cars like this in its range by 2025

Having been the leading brand for green eco cars with the launch of the Prius before the turn of the century and a plethora of hybrid cars since, Toyota has somehow slipped towards the back of the pecking order when it comes to the transition to electric vehicles.

It’s original plan appeared to be experimenting with alternatives to lithium-ion batteries, having launched two version of its Mirai hydrogen fuel cell car. While the new saloon is just shy of £50,000, the original cost in excess of £65,000 – prices that have made it hugely unpopular with potential customers.

It has recently changed tactic, though, partnering with a number of other Japanese car makers to develop future battery-electric models that should see it well placed for a ZEV mandate in two years’ time.

It now expects to have 10 battery models in its global portfolio by 2025, the first being the just unveiled bZ4x, which has a range of ‘more than 280 miles’. Bosses at the end of 2021 outlined Toyota and Lexus’ plans to launch a total of 30 battery EVs by 2030 and sell 3.5 million fully-electric models by the end of the decade.

VAUXHALL 

Current electric vehicles on sale: Corsa-e, Mokka-e, Combo-e

Cheapest electric vehicle on sale: Corsa-e priced from £25,805 with Plug-in Car Grant (range of 222 miles)

Statement of intent for electrification: Will only sell pure-electric cars and vans from 2028

From 2028, Vauxhall will no longer sell you a car or van with a petrol or diesel engine under the bonnet. Its Astra-e (pictured) will arrive in 2023 and join the Corsa-e and Mokka-e already on sale

From 2028, Vauxhall will no longer sell you a car or van with a petrol or diesel engine under the bonnet. Its Astra-e (pictured) will arrive in 2023 and join the Corsa-e and Mokka-e already on sale 

Vauxhall has made a successful start to its switch to EVs, with the Corsa-e in particular proving hugely popular and contributing to the supermini being at the top of the sales charts in 2021.

A revised – and much funkier – Mokka-e is also available along with a Combo-e MPV. And there are much more to follow.

It previous said it will launch eight new pure-electric models by the end of 2021, which it has probably achieved if including electric vans in the calculation. By 2028, every car and van Vauxhall sells will be completely electric.

One of these cars will be an electric variant of the new Astra, due in 2023, and Vauxhall is also expected to relaunch the legendary Monza nameplate for an electric model for 2024.

VOLKSWAGEN

Current electric vehicles on sale: ID.3, ID.4 

Cheapest electric vehicle on sale: ID.3 priced from £28,135 with Plug-in Car Grant (range of 216 to 264 miles)

Statement of intent for electrification: VW has a goal of 70 per cent of all new cars in Europe to be fully electric by 2030

Volkswagen already has the impressive ID.3 hatchback (pictured) and ID.4 SUV in its arsenal of electric cars. It expects 70% of car sales in Europe to be fully electric by 2030

Volkswagen already has the impressive ID.3 hatchback (pictured) and ID.4 SUV in its arsenal of electric cars. It expects 70% of car sales in Europe to be fully electric by 2030

The 2015 dieselgate scandal kick-started Volkswagen’s pledge to make more economical cars, and it is delivering on its promises to electrify its range. 

Its first attempts at electric cars were existing models with batteries slung into them – like the e-Up! and e-Golf – but it now has a dedicated line-up under the ‘ID’ banner, which started with the impressive ID.3 – a family hatchback that’s almost identical in size to the Golf. Sales are so strong that it could already be meeting the requirements of a ZEV mandate today.

An ID.4 SUV is also on sale in the UK – with a hot ID.4 GTX also hitting the market – and a bigger ID.5 is due to follow in 2022. We’re also waiting for the production version of the ID.Buzz microbus to be unveiled.

The range of EV models will continue to expand until 2035, when every car sold by VW in Europe will be powered by batteries and electric motors. The goal is for 70 per cent of all new Volkswagen cars to be fully electric by 2030.

VOLVO

Current electric vehicles on sale: C40 Recharge, XC40 Recharge 

Cheapest electric vehicle on sale: XC40 Recharge priced from £48,300 (range of 260 miles)

Statement of intent for electrification: Sales by 2025 to be split 50-50 between electric and hybrid and Volvo will sell only electric cars from 2030

Volvo says that 50% of its global sales should be fully-electric cars (like the C40 Recharge pictured) by 2025. From 2030, it will remove all petrol, diesel and hybrid vehicles from its virtual showrooms

Volvo says that 50% of its global sales should be fully-electric cars (like the C40 Recharge pictured) by 2025. From 2030, it will remove all petrol, diesel and hybrid vehicles from its virtual showrooms

Volvo has two fully-electric models in its fleet currently – the XC40 Recharge launched last year and recently released C40 Recharge, both of them compact SUVs. 

They offer practical full-charge ranges but are on the pricey side. But Volvo will up its games in the next couple of years to meet strict targets it set out in 2021.

The Swedish carmaker, which is owned by Hangzhou-based Zhejiang Geely Holding Group, announced earlier this year that 50 per cent of its global sales should be fully-electric cars by 2025 – and the other half hybrid models. A perfect position for any car brand facing a ZEV mandate from 2024.

And from 2025, it will release a pure-electric model every year until 2030 when it will banish petrol, diesel and hybrid vehicles from its virtual showrooms, selling only EVs online. 

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